Pcaprub installation on Win 10 x64


If you encounter the following error, the issue is pcaprub uses a hardcoded path for Winpcap.  I downloaded winpcap v4.1.3 and downloaded the dev kit for Winpcap and put it in c:\WpdPack.   Additionally, since I use an x64 machine I had to copy the file C:\WpdPack\Lib\x64\*.lib into C:\WpdPack\Lib and then the compilation worked.

You need pcaprub for things like msf.


C:\dev\kit>gem install pcaprub
Temporarily enhancing PATH for MSYS/MINGW...
Building native extensions. This could take a while...
ERROR: Error installing pcaprub:
ERROR: Failed to build gem native extension.

current directory: C:/Ruby24-x64/lib/ruby/gems/2.4.0/gems/pcaprub-0.13.0/ext/pcaprub_c
C:/Ruby24-x64/bin/ruby.exe -r ./siteconf20181112-2628-1wqgu6f.rb extconf.rb

[*] Running checks for pcaprub_c code...
platform is x64-mingw32
checking for -lws2_32... yes
checking for -liphlpapi... yes
checking for windows.h... yes
checking for winsock2.h... yes
checking for iphlpapi.h... yes
checking for ruby/thread.h... yes
checking for rb_thread_blocking_region()... no
checking for rb_thread_call_without_gvl()... yes
checking for pcap_open_live() in -lwpcap... no
checking for pcap_setnonblock() in -lwpcap... no
creating Makefile

current directory: C:/Ruby24-x64/lib/ruby/gems/2.4.0/gems/pcaprub-0.13.0/ext/pcaprub_c
make "DESTDIR=" clean

current directory: C:/Ruby24-x64/lib/ruby/gems/2.4.0/gems/pcaprub-0.13.0/ext/pcaprub_c
make "DESTDIR="
generating pcaprub_c-x64-mingw32.def
compiling pcaprub.c
In file included from C:/WpdPack/include/pcap/pcap.h:41,
from C:/WpdPack/include/pcap.h:45,
from pcaprub.c:11:
C:/WpdPack/include/pcap-stdinc.h:64: warning: "snprintf" redefined
#define snprintf _snprintf

In file included from C:/Ruby24-x64/include/ruby-2.4.0/ruby/ruby.h:2429,
from C:/Ruby24-x64/include/ruby-2.4.0/ruby.h:33,
from pcaprub.c:1:
C:/Ruby24-x64/include/ruby-2.4.0/ruby/subst.h:6: note: this is the location of the previous definition
#define snprintf ruby_snprintf

In file included from C:/WpdPack/include/pcap/pcap.h:41,
from C:/WpdPack/include/pcap.h:45,
from pcaprub.c:11:
C:/WpdPack/include/pcap-stdinc.h:65: warning: "vsnprintf" redefined
#define vsnprintf _vsnprintf

In file included from C:/Ruby24-x64/include/ruby-2.4.0/ruby/ruby.h:2429,
from C:/Ruby24-x64/include/ruby-2.4.0/ruby.h:33,
from pcaprub.c:1:
C:/Ruby24-x64/include/ruby-2.4.0/ruby/subst.h:7: note: this is the location of the previous definition
#define vsnprintf ruby_vsnprintf

pcaprub.c: In function 'rbpcap_each_data':
pcaprub.c:992:9: warning: cast from pointer to integer of different size [-Wpointer-to-int-cast]
fno = (int)pcap_getevent(rbp->pd);
pcaprub.c:992:7: warning: assignment to 'HANDLE' {aka 'void *'} from 'int' makes pointer from integer without a cast [-W
fno = (int)pcap_getevent(rbp->pd);
pcaprub.c: In function 'rbpcap_each_packet':
pcaprub.c:1034:9: warning: cast from pointer to integer of different size [-Wpointer-to-int-cast]
fno = (int)pcap_getevent(rbp->pd);
pcaprub.c:1034:7: warning: assignment to 'HANDLE' {aka 'void *'} from 'int' makes pointer from integer without a cast [-
fno = (int)pcap_getevent(rbp->pd);
pcaprub.c: In function 'rbpcap_thread_wait_handle':
pcaprub.c:1274:7: warning: passing argument 1 of 'rb_thread_call_without_gvl' from incompatible pointer type [-Wincompat
In file included from pcaprub.c:4:
C:/Ruby24-x64/include/ruby-2.4.0/ruby/thread.h:28:7: note: expected 'void * (*)(void *)' but argument is of type 'VALUE
(*)(void *)' {aka 'long long unsigned int (*)(void *)'}
void *rb_thread_call_without_gvl(void *(*func)(void *), void *data1,
linking shared-object pcaprub_c.so
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x1a0): undefined reference to `pcap_lib_version'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x1e0): undefined reference to `pcap_findalldevs'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x2b8): undefined reference to `pcap_freealldevs'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x32f): undefined reference to `pcap_lookupnet'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x43d): undefined reference to `pcap_close'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x45a): undefined reference to `pcap_dump_close'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x67c): undefined reference to `pcap_set_timeout'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x6ce): undefined reference to `pcap_list_datalinks'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x707): undefined reference to `pcap_datalink_val_to_name'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x76d): undefined reference to `pcap_free_datalinks'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x782): undefined reference to `pcap_geterr'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x828): undefined reference to `pcap_datalink_name_to_val'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x895): undefined reference to `pcap_set_datalink'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x8b3): undefined reference to `pcap_geterr'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x93f): undefined reference to `pcap_set_snaplen'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x9d4): undefined reference to `pcap_set_promisc'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0xae1): undefined reference to `pcap_lookupnet'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0xb57): undefined reference to `pcap_compile'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0xb6d): undefined reference to `pcap_geterr'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0xb9f): undefined reference to `pcap_setfilter'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0xbaf): undefined reference to `pcap_freecode'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0xbc1): undefined reference to `pcap_geterr'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0xbe9): undefined reference to `pcap_freecode'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0xc62): undefined reference to `pcap_compile'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0xc75): undefined reference to `pcap_geterr'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0xc9d): undefined reference to `pcap_freecode'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0xccf): undefined reference to `pcap_activate'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0xd33): undefined reference to `pcap_close'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0xe0b): undefined reference to `pcap_close'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0xe43): undefined reference to `pcap_create'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x109e): undefined reference to `pcap_close'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x110d): undefined reference to `pcap_open_live'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x129f): undefined reference to `pcap_open_offline'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x1419): undefined reference to `pcap_open_dead'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x1532): undefined reference to `pcap_dump_open'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x15d9): undefined reference to `pcap_dump_close'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x171e): undefined reference to `pcap_dump'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x17e7): undefined reference to `pcap_sendpacket'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x17fa): undefined reference to `pcap_geterr'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x18ea): undefined reference to `pcap_setnonblock'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x1912): undefined reference to `pcap_dispatch'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x19fd): undefined reference to `pcap_setnonblock'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x1a25): undefined reference to `pcap_dispatch'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x1b35): undefined reference to `pcap_getevent'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x1be3): undefined reference to `pcap_getevent'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x1c91): undefined reference to `pcap_datalink'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x1cdc): undefined reference to `pcap_major_version'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x1d27): undefined reference to `pcap_minor_version'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x1d72): undefined reference to `pcap_snapshot'
pcaprub.o:pcaprub.c:(.text+0x1dca): undefined reference to `pcap_stats'
collect2.exe: error: ld returned 1 exit status
make: *** [Makefile:259: pcaprub_c.so] Error 1

make failed, exit code 2

Gem files will remain installed in C:/Ruby24-x64/lib/ruby/gems/2.4.0/gems/pcaprub-0.13.0 for inspection.
Results logged to C:/Ruby24-x64/lib/ruby/gems/2.4.0/extensions/x64-mingw32/2.4.0/pcaprub-0.13.0/gem_make.out



Proxmark3 Installation on Kali


I recently purchased a Proxmark3 from GeZhi Electronics. The proxmark3 client wouldn’t work. In fact the `dmesg` output did not even show the /dev/ttyACM0 device as was said all across the forum. i tried flashing the firmware but kept getting this error:

~/proxmark3/client# ./flasher -b ../bootrom/obj/bootrom.elf 
Loading ELF file '../bootrom/obj/bootrom.elf'...
Loading usable ELF segments:
0: V 0x00100000 P 0x00100000 (0x00000200->0x00000200) [R X] @0x94
1: V 0x00200000 P 0x00100200 (0x00000b38->0x00000b38) [RWX] @0x298
Attempted to write bootloader but bootloader writes are not enabled
Error while loading ../bootrom/obj/bootrom.elf

Also this is what showed up in the dmesg:

[ 7953.991935] usb 2-1.4: new full-speed USB device number 40 using ehci_hcd
[ 7959.078302] usb 2-1.4: New USB device found, idVendor=9ac4, idProduct=4b8f
[ 7959.078314] usb 2-1.4: New USB device strings: Mfr=1, Product=2, SerialNumber=3
[ 7959.078321] usb 2-1.4: Product: ProxMark-3 RFID Instrument
[ 7959.078326] usb 2-1.4: Manufacturer: J. Westhues
[ 7959.078331] usb 2-1.4: SerialNumber: ChangeMe
[ 7959.080485] hid-generic 0003:9AC4:4B8F.0014: hiddev0,hidraw0: USB HID v1.00 Device [J. Westhues ProxMark-3 RFID Instrument] on usb-0000:00:1d.0-1.4/input0

Note that in the above the device doesn’t show up as a /dev/ttyACM0 device which is what we need for the proxmark3 client application to work.
So it seemed like there was an issue with the Proxmark3 not being recognized as a CDC device. So I went through the googlecode repository and went to a version of firmware where CDC was not being used. It also seemed that the flasher was the issue. So I used an old flasher to flash with the latest firmware and boom it worked! Remember to keep the button on the Proxmark3 pressed when you plug it in, and keep holding it down until the firmware update has finished.
Here are the commands:

# svn checkout http://proxmark3.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/ proxmark3
# export DEVKITPRO=$HOME/proxmark3/
# export PATH=${PATH}:${DEVKITARM}/bin
# cd proxmark3
# make all
# cd ..
# svn checkout -r 629 http://proxmark3.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/ ~/proxmark3-old-3
# cd proxmark3-old-3/
# make all
# cd client
# ./flasher -b ../../proxmark3/bootrom/obj/bootrom.elf ../../proxmark3/armsrc/obj/osimage.elf ../../proxmark3/armsrc/obj/fpgaimage.elf

And boom! There you … all flashed and now the device is recognized as a /dev/ttyACM0 device.


Cisco IPSec VPN Client Reason442: Failed to Enable Virtual Adapter


If you use Windows 8 x64 and when you launch the Cisco VPN Client adapter and you see the following error:
Reason 442: Failed To Enable Virtual Adapter Here’s how to fix it.
Open your command prompt in Administrator mode by right clicking at the left lower corner of the screen and going to “Command Prompt (Administrator)”. You will have to log in as an administrator. Launch registry editor by typing “regedit.exe”. Browse to “HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\CVirtA“. In the DisplayName key, you will see something like @oem8.inf,%CVirtA_Desc%;Cisco Systems VPN Adapter. Edit that to just say Cisco Systems VPN Adapter. Try to connect again by launching the VPN Client. It should work!


Verizon FiOS and PS3 Media Server Streaming Issues


If you’re like me and recently upgraded to Verizon FiOS and you have your PS3 on the wired segment and the Media Server (such as PS3 Media Server, TVersity, etc.) on the wireless segment, you’re in for a ride with the configuration.
By default, you can’t route the traffic between the wired and wireless segments over UDP! You can send ICMP echo packets (i.e., ping) but the PS3 just won’t detect the Media server. You may disable the Host-based firewall (e.g., Norton, Kaspersky, McAfee, etc.) but it still won’t work.

If you happen to read posts like these, you will see that you have to disable “IGMP proxy”. IGMP Proxy basically reduces the traffic on the multicast addresses to a bare minimum. Unfortunately for you, this causes the traffic between PS3 Media Server and PS3 to drop.

So you log into your FiOS router’s administration console typically located at Click on Advanced -> Yes -> Firmware Upgrade and check the firmware version. You will see that it is an ActionTec router (based on the Auto-update URL). But nowhere do you see the option to update the “IGMP Proxy” settings. That’s because that feature is “hidden” in the latest firmwares.

So you just need to copy/paste the following URL into the browser address bar and you will see the option to disable “IGMP proxy”.
Disable it and Voila! The PS3 Media Server and PS3 can now talk to each other.


Socat compilation on Cygwin


While compiling socat-2.0.0-b5 on cygwin (Windows) I got a few errors and here’s how I fixed it:
xioopts.c: In function 'applyopts_single':
xioopts.c:3998: error: 'struct single' has no member named 'fd1'
xioopts.c:4000: error: 'struct single' has no member named 'fd1'
make[1]: *** [xioopts.o] Error 1

Edit the file xioopts.c in your favorite editor and replace ‘fd1’ by ‘rfd’ in both lines (3998 & 4000). That fixed this error but then I got my next error.

xio-ip.c:480: error: structure has no member named `ipi_spec_dst'
Edit xio-ip.c and comment out the entire snprintf statement in xio-ip.c line 480.

Continue compilation and it should now work fine.