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Cisco IPSec VPN Client Reason442: Failed to Enable Virtual Adapter

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If you use Windows 8 x64 and when you launch the Cisco VPN Client adapter and you see the following error:
Reason 442: Failed To Enable Virtual Adapter Here’s how to fix it.
Open your command prompt in Administrator mode by right clicking at the left lower corner of the screen and going to “Command Prompt (Administrator)”. You will have to log in as an administrator. Launch registry editor by typing “regedit.exe”. Browse to “HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\CVirtA“. In the DisplayName key, you will see something like @oem8.inf,%CVirtA_Desc%;Cisco Systems VPN Adapter. Edit that to just say Cisco Systems VPN Adapter. Try to connect again by launching the VPN Client. It should work!

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VPNC Connection Status

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I was using the vpnc the other day on my Backtrack 4 R2 system to log in to VPN. I noticed that there was nothing that would give me the status of whether or not the tunnel was up. So I wrote a small one-liner to help me:

while [ `ps aux |grep vpnc|grep -v grep|awk '{print $2}'` ] ; do printf "Connected\r"; done

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Cisco ASDM IDM Launcher Loading Errors

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Cisco ASDM is quirky in the sense that if the right Java version is not found it will just puke with errors that make no sense. This is what my java log looks like:
Application Logging Started at Fri Aug 01 11:01:11 EDT 2010
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Local Launcher Version = 1.5.41
Local Launcher Version Display = 1.5(41)
Cannot read profile file C:\Documents and Settings\abcdef\.asdm\data\deviceinfo.conf.
OK button clicked
Trying for ASDM Version file; url = https://www.example.com/admin/
Server Version = 6.2(1)
Server Launcher Version = 1.5.41, size = 476672 bytes
Launcher version checking is successful.
invoking SGZ Loader..
Cache location = C:/Documents and Settings/abcdef/.asdm/cache
Exception in thread "SGZ Loader: launchSgzApplet" java.lang.NoSuchFieldError: b
at dac.setLevel(dac.java:65)
at dac.(dac.java:44)
at gd.(gd.java:78)
at f5.a(f5.java:117)
at com.cisco.dmcommon.util.DMCommonEnv.(DMCommonEnv.java:38)
at com.cisco.pdm.PDMApplet.updateProgress(PDMApplet.java:300)
at com.cisco.pdm.PDMApplet.init(PDMApplet.java:63)
at com.cisco.nm.dice.loader.r.run(DashoA19*..:409)

It happens because the ASDM launcher is not capable of running on newer JVMs. Since I had older JVMs, I went into Control Panel -> Java. Click on the Java tab, followed by clicking the “view” button. This will show you the current JVM being used. If you have older JVMs click on Find (you will have to select the folder where you suspect older JVMs to be…which in my case was c:\Program Files). If you don’t find an older JVM then just install an older version and it will work.

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ASA Fails to parse certificates

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Last night I was trying to get a VeriSign issued SSL certificate installed on my ASA using Cisco ASDM 6.2. I installed the Intermediate CA and the CA certificates all installed. I then imported the SSL certificate into the “Configuration -> Device Management -> Manage Certificates -> Identity Certificates” but it did not seem to work. I kept getting an error “Failed to parse or verify imported certificate”. The certificate was in the .p7b form. Changing the format of the certificate to X.509 Base64 Encoded format resulted in acceptance of the certificate.
I sincerely hope that Cisco alters its error messages to accurately reflect that .p7b is not a format supported by them.

Update: This link has the information on how to install SSL certificates on ASA:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/ps6120/products_configuration_example09186a00809fcf91.shtml

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Cisco VPN Client on BackTrack3

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I wanted to install Cisco VPN client on BackTrack3. You can get the Cisco VPN client source using the following command:
wget ftp://ftp.cs.cornell.edu/pub/rvr/upload/vpnclient-linux-4.8.00.0490-k9.tar.gz
tar zxvf
vpnclient-linux-4.8.00.0490-k9.tar.gz
cd vpnclient/
wget http://tuxx-home.at/projects/cisco-vpnclient/vpnclient-linux-2.6.22.diff
patch < vpnclient-linux-2.6.22.diff
./vpn_install

I got this information from the following blog.
I ran into an error whereby the kernel sources were not found for the VPN client to install. I then got the BackTrack3 kernel sources.
cd /lib/
wget http://www.offensive-security.com/kernel.lzm
mkdir test
lzm2dir kernel.lzm test

Now go into the vpnclient directory and execute the following:
./vpn_install

Accept the defaults (except in my case I selected “No” on automatically start VPN client). When it asks for the sources point it to:
/lib/test/usr/src/linux-2.6.21.5

Then the VPN Client should compile without any issues. Then you just need to place your Cisco VPN client Profile (.pcf) in the /etc/opt/cisco-vpnclient/Profiles directory. You will need to first start the VPN client service first using:

/etc/init.d/vpnclient_init start

Once the service is started just connect using:

vpnclient connect mypcffile user test password <whatever>

Please note that the full name of the Profile file in the above case is mypcffile.pcf but I’ve deliberately excluded the .pcf extension.
This should work.